Submission Details

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Project Details

Dishwashing Detergent: How much is enough? Conserve Water; Reduce Chemical Waste and Save Money.

Water problem addressed: Too little

Summary: Surfactants are known to be harmful to the environment but its usage cannot be totally eliminated. This project determines the minimum effective concentration of surfactants that exhibits required detergency effect, reducing surfactants used. Dishwashing detergent was used as the study model. Dishwashing detergents at critical micelle concentrations (CMC) levels were found to exhibit excellent degreasing effect. Finally, an education card was devised to educate consumers on appropriate amounts of detergent required, thereby conserving water, reducing wastewater and saving money.



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Muhamad Raimi Rosian


Year of: 2016

Muhamad Raimi Bin Roslan, 18, a student currently pursuing a course in Chemic...

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Orion Lee Young Xun


Year of: 2016

Orion Lee Yong Xun, 18, a student currently pursuing a course in Chemical Pro...

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Rasheed Muhammad


Year of: 2016

Rasheed Imran Muhammad s/o Alpathoothu, 18, a student currently pursuing a co...

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